(with apologies to Guy Fawkes)
Final exams are a stressful time for students and faculty. As a result, I try to alleviate some of the stress by giving take-home exams in my U.S. history survey classes. I also try to make them think by telling them there is no right or wrong answer, but they have to justify their answer with historically accurate information (it involves ranking the causes of the Civil War from a list I provide them). They also have to complete ten short answer/identification terms, explaining who or what it is and why it is important. Despite the fact that students can refer to their notes, textbooks, and assigned readings, they still amaze me at how creative they can be in their answers. As you can see, it’s more than just telling me about the Kentucky-Nebraska Act or women as southern bells. Enjoy, and feel free to comment!
The first case of slavery happened in 1811. The slaves name was George, he ran away one day then he came back and broke a treasured item to them. The slave almost got decapitated by Lilburne.
Slaves in the south worked in tobacco factories, textile mills, and shipyards.
In the south the slaves were used for hard labor like cotton picking and farming, often with no breaks and were treated extremely bad. Where aside in the north the slaves were usually used for in house work like maids and nannies or they were well treated for farmers.
Culture had the least effect on the collapse of 1860. I believe the culture effect was more towards the westward expansion itself. You had the Spanish from Mexico trying to spread Christianity throught out the Southwestern states. Christianity was also trying to be spread to the African Americans in the Southeast. Many Christian groups ventured to the south to spread their religious amongst the slaves by setting up schools and churches.
In the 1824 deadlock, Clay supported John Quincy Adams and then was appointed to Secretary of State. He was called corrupt by Adams and was accused for only doing such things for his own selfish benefit.
Abraham Lincoln was one of the blundering politicians during the 1850s.
The western part of the United States was an unknown world before the Civil War.
The signing of the emancipation proclamation ended slavery; it had destroyed the economic, social, and political structure of the South.
Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation because he was fed up with the way slaves were treated and this wasn’t how America should be living.
After the death of Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson became president.
Many politicians blundered toward slavery.
Blundering politicians during the 1850s were the most important reasons for the collapse of the republic. Lincoln the president of the US and Jefferson Davis the President of the confederate States couldn’t work together.
I feel the problems that occurred with slavery could have been resolved before the civil war. This could have happened because if people had not taken in slaves in the first place none of this would have even started.
When Americans began moving west they were moving into territories that were already settled by Native Americans and Mexicans. It marked the War of Independence, also known as the Mexican American War. This was when Spain opened into American territory.
The South’s wanting to secede was similar to the creation of the new nation. Just like the colonists had come over to the new nation and seceded from New England.
In 1856, John C. Calhoun was the Republicans choice for President. The party supported limiting slavery, and Calhoun was in favor of it.
Charles Sumner was beaten over the head with a cane by Preston Brooks because Sumner was for slavery and Brooks wanted to beat him to show him how slaves are treated.
Nebraska joined the union as neither a free nor a slave state. The South did not agree with this or the Missouri Compromise and wanted the issue of slavery to be solved by popular sovereignty.
It seemed that going out west was a good idea, mainly so that the Indians had hope for a new life.
Cultural differences between the sections is fourth because the north viewed the south as civilized, breakdown of democratic process had occurred, there was absolute majority not democracy, and the United States is not a democracy it’s a republic with southern succession.
Reconstruction had a big impact on the South. The south was indebt but congress decided to rebuild the south with the Wade-Davis Bill. Also there was no more slavery so the south had a big change ahead of them.
Reconstruction had a big impact on slavery; because of reconstruction, slaves were forced into sharecropping.
When the gold rush would come to California everyone and their mother was heading for California so they could get there shot at making there millions of dollars and a lot of fools did not make what they went out there searching for.
Westward expansion was the issue of what to do with the religions in the west. These religions caused a lot of tension over slavery.
During the Westward Expansion, the United States gained the most immigrants than they ever had. The Civil War ended slavery, and the South seceded and left the Union. They claimed themselves as an independent nation, calling themselves “The Confederate States of America.”
The north had more puritan values like they were very religious and did not have sex.
Historical significance of the Underground Railroad: helped slaves become free when their owners wouldn’t listen to 1850 fugitive slave law.
Compromise of 1850:
The Compromise of 1850 was basically a deal between both Democrats in the south and Republican Rutherford B. Hayes. They made a deal that Hayes would be able to return to office only if he made a promise to take a group of soldiers from southern states. However, the deal happened and therefore, today it is known as the Compromise of 1850.
–was a piece of legislation crafted by “The Great Compromiser” Henry Clay but not passed through Congress
–measures that were passed by congress because congress brought California in as a free state. Also let New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah in without mentioning of slavery. This compromise also abolished the slave trade in Colombia which meant no more slave for the U.S.
During the planning out of the compromise of 1850, congress had the option of taking on slavery head on. They could have made slavery completely illegal in any parts of the north and completely prevented it from spreading to any of the newly acquired territories from the war with Mexico.
–Was led by radical abolitionist John Brown who told the slaves they should revolt against their masters and takes their freedom. The raid didn’t go as planned.
–was a raid led by John Brown who was once a slave.
John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry was successful because it was a trigger for the Civil War.
–John Brown and Frederick Douglass raided the federal arsenal in 1859 to start a revolt and try to free slaves by getting them to revolt along with them. They would go to Alabama and Tennessee where there plans would fail miserably and both would end up killed.
Dred Scott Decision:
–ripped off the band-aide the Compromise of 1850 had put in place.
–Dred Scott was recently released from the army where he had then lived for four years in a free state.
–a slave from United States was sued for living in a non-slave state.
–supreme court ruling, denied citizenship to all African Americans. People were saying that slaves were not considered citizens but even if they were slaves they couldn’t bring it to anyone’s attention because they weren’t considered citizens and no one would pay attention to them.
–After the civil war the north was victorious and obtained their goal in freeing enslaved African Americans. The freeing of African Americans left the nation to question whether or not the newly free African Americans were citizens.
Ku Klux Klan:
The Ku Klux Klan started in 1915, where they would hold secret meetings. In 1871 the Klan got banned.
The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a group that despised blacks and Republicans. They would murder anyone that was either of those. Most Republicans would try to save blacks by making them into Democrats in hopes to save them.
Ku Klux Klan: This is one of the most raciest groups still around in America today.
Harriet Beecher Stowe:
–a slave/author that wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin
–Wrote a book on domestic science and attacked the campaign to convince school board that women were capable to be schoolteachers. (Note: This was Catherine Beecher, Harriet’s sister)
–She was abnormal for her time because she was able to make such a strong impact and sell more copies of her work than other authors.
–Was a northerner who wrote the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin which was about slavery. Although she wrote this widely read book she was never actually a slave herself.
A group of Americans that was called the Donner-Reed Party set out on a wagon trail headed to California who got held up by a series of mishaps.
–A party of pioneers who are stranded on their way to California.
–General Winfield Scott came up with this plan. It would squeeze the conclusion out of the Confederacy.
–was a plan to guide the north during the civil war, this plan was signed by Scott Wingfield, he believed that this plan would help him and his army defeat the defeating the south. The plan Wingfield wanted was for the block of the South’s coastline which would give them control over the Mississippi River.
–was a Baptist preacher who is widely known for leading the most popular slave revolt.
–was a Baptist priest, who was thought to believe he was a modern day Moses to lead the slaves out of slavery. Turner attacked south virgin, resulting in high number of deaths for African Americans and also some whites, after the war Nat went on a rampage.
–He opened up the opportunity for slaves in the future to rebel against their masters and fight for their freedom.
–he led one of the slave rebellions in august of 1831 this was a big fail and he was arrested and sentence to death by a jury that most likely was not his peers so he was hung.