Now that I have finished grading the first set of exams for the United States History to 1877 survey classes, it is time to blog again. Overall, I was pleased with how well some students did (and can confirm there is a direct correlation between success on the exam and sharing a draft with me in advance), although the grades did range from 35 to 99 (the student who earned a 35 didn’t have to worry about using a staple on his exam, since his essay and five short answer responses fit onto one page with room left over for my comments). But I did learn that, for some students, apparently there are some issues between understanding what I am saying in class (and what the textbook says) and how they interpret or explain the information on exams, as these gems will demonstrate.
Governor Ralph Lane and his men chased down and attacked a fleeing Indian tribe known as the Croatians.
White, however had to sail back to England to retrieve supplies for the colony, but when he returned, he found nothing except for the word CROATIAN carved on a tree.
Up to 1619 in Jamestown many colonists had died from disease, famine, arrow, and other miscellaneous ways to die. They had a strong leader named John Smith who buried the hatchet with the Indians by offering jewels of many sorts and also catching the eye of a young female Indian named pocahontas.
Jamestown was made possible by joint-stock companies, such as the Muscovy Company and the East Indian Company.
Without the creation of the House of Burgesses, life in Jamestown would have been always a colonial feeling, a place without any structure. This really set Jamestown above many; it made them more modern, and gave Jamestown a more city-like feeling.
Navigation Acts it is a series of acts of Parliament, which tried to restrict the England ships from the right to carry goods to and from England and its colonies. This act helped because of the outcome of War of American Independence.
The navigation acts where a group of laws passed by Britain such as establishing the vice admiralty courts to force the colonies to trade only with them and to cut off or severely hamper the colonies ability to trade with other nations. In essence it was England’s way of telling the colonies they were its own private piggy bank. These acts along with a few others were part of the tipping point which drove the colonies to rebellion. If it hadn’t been for these acts the colonies may not have rebelled and America may not have formed as we know it today.
The Navigation Acts were a set of regulations which began under puritans who lived in the Americas.
Squanto (Tisquantum): Americans now remember him as the Native American associated with Thanks Giving. He went to Europe in 1617 to learn the native tongue. When he returned nothing remained of his village.
Squanto (Tisquantum): He was one of 20 Indians that was lured on the ship to be taken for slave trade by Columbus’s men. He managed to avoid slavery and learned English.
There was a stamp act congress but most of them if not all of them ended up being tarred and feathered by the colonist.
The Stamp Act was the first time that the colonists did not pay taxes to their local legislatures, and instead paid them directly to England. As one could imagine, the colonies did not think too highly of this new tax, so it could be safe to guess that the colonists rioted in the streets or something, but they did not do that.
By November first the stamp act had been lifted and the community had passed taxation without representation through parliament.
Proclamation of 1763 broke up the land between settlers and Indians. The Appalachian Mountains were a dividing line between them. The 3 new provinces were created Quebec, West Florida, and East Florida. This proclamation protected the Indians from becoming extinct and also the settlers from being killed by the Indians.
Queen Elizabeth did not feel the need to give money towards possible expansion, therefore England had to use Ireland in hopes of starting a colony in America.
Sieur de La Salle made another French colonization effort in 1682 he claimed an area around the mouth of the Mississippi River. The river eventually leads him to the colony of Pennsylvania.
Treaty of Paris (1763): [as part of the treaty] The Spanish received that sliver of land near New Orleans, all the French Territory west of the Mississippi, Cuba, and the Philippians.
Their perceptions of the new world were that it was a fresh start for them. They colonists wanted to set free from their mother countries because of the way things were ran. They either did not see much opportunity for themselves, or they were sick of the way religion was, or they were in search of delicacy’s to make them wealthy.
The Spanish showed up to the new world way earlier than anyone else with the trip Christopher Columbus took in 1492. They were the first to take advantage of slavery out of the colonies.
Spain wanted Mexico to spread Christianity to the natives.
The Townshend Duties were a set of acts set to raise revenue in the colonies. The reason why Parliament wanted to raise revenue in the colonies was to pay the salaries of governors so that the colonies could be more independent of British rule. These taxes were unfair to the colonists because it should not have been their duty to pay the salaries of those running the colonies. In reaction to this set of acts, in Boston there was a very historical massacre which caused Parliament to repeal most of the taxes but the tax on tea remained in effect.
The Currency Act was the first act that standardized all currency in the colonies. This act was put into effect to help keep everything in order, if this act did not go into effect people today might still be using livestock as forms of payment for their groceries.
Tea Act (1773): They took jobs away from people. It was not valid because people were upset that it had happened to them.