The second exams for United States History to 1877 have been graded, and once more my students have enlightened, entertained, and frustrated me. Despite repeated warnings, several students chose to violate the university’s academic dishonesty policy with their submissions, including two essays that were identical, one short answer that was identical to one submitted in November 2011, one with several short answer responses that were plagiarized from the Internet (and were incorrect), and one that included multiple quotations without citations.
And, of course, I also received more entries that qualify as historical revisionism. My mother keeps badgering me to compile these into a book, but I really don’t want to profit from the mistakes my students make (especially since sometimes they make me question how effective I am as a teacher). At least enough students earned A’s and B’s to let me know that it was a valid assessment and that I can teach. Incidentally, on twelve of the exams (26%) students confused the Sedition Act that was part of the Alien and Sedition Acts with the Sedition Act of 1918, not realizing that the latter would not have been discussed in a course that chronologically ends in 1877.
The following are some of the “revisionist” answers on the most recent exam. The spelling, grammar, and punctuation are the same as what the students wrote.
Three-Fifths Compromise: this was created by the Northern and Southern states agreeing to only counting 3/5ths of the slave population so that neither the North or the South would have more control of the government based on the number of slaves. If this agreement wasn’t reached slavery would have never ended in the United States. The South would have had way more slaves and this would result in the South having all the power and if this happened slavery would have never ended. But they agreed and slavery ended because of the three-fifths compromise.
Three-Fifths Compromise: Slaves was counted for not even a full person but less than half a person. This was the result for taxation and representation.
Three-Fifths Compromise: The significance of the three-fifths compromise is that political officials needed to have a 3/5ths majority vote in order to pass a law.
Three-Fifths Compromise: Slaves counted as three fifths of a white person. This was created and called the Compromise of 1820 an 1850. Slaves counted as three fifths of a white man for population purposes during an election. The significance of this is that it would give the state more population to increase the number of Electoral College votes each state would receive. African Americans were also moving up in the US one step at a time and this was the first.
Three-Fifths Compromise: Even though I don’t know what they were thinking having this kind of compromise. It stated that in a State a slave would be counted as 3/5 a person for taxation and representation. But this compromise didn’t last very long or fix really anything.
Pickney’s Treaty: Americans bought land from France; the treaty secured free travel in the Mississippi river thus, helping trade. (Note: Pinckney’s Treaty was negotiated with Spain).
The Sedition Act was a key issue in the election of 1800, it was also a part of the Newspaper War and the Naturalization Act. The Sedition Act later became a part of the 12th Amendment, which is where everyone has the right to vote.
Hopewell Furnace was founded in 1770 and the peak period was 1820-1840 and it mainly produced stoves, pots, and pig iron farrier.
Corrupt Bargain: Adams obtained office as a result of the Corrupt Bargain, which means he allegedly used public funds to buy personal luxuries and installed gaming tables in the white house.
The Federalists such as Alexander Hamilton were covertly supporting the British Monarchy and the new French republic.
The Democratic-Republicans wanted to keep taxes lower to prevent more frugal spending within the government.
During this election Adams and Jackson kept spreading rumors about one another. Jackson was said to have killed twelve men in duels. While Adams was said to have moved in with his wife before she was legally divorced.
In 1828, when Jackson was president he had an Indian policy where he taught them the practices of white Americans because he didn’t want to get rid of them. But then they came up with this Indian removal policy, which is mean, but they wanted to did it where it is voluntary and they would migrate west all so the whites could have more farm land.
In 1828 the removal of Native American’s demonstrated Jackson’s enforcement of the Jeffersonian way. He also sought to remove Native Americans but at the same time legislation was passing things such as the Northwest Ordinance Act allowing for slaves to be free unless they were slaves as punishment.
I do not support free labor also known as slavery which so many Democrats back then did.
Each election made a change in how candidates were selected in there own way. In 1824 none of the candidates got to 270 electoral votes. This caused the house to simply select who they wanted, causing John Quincy Adams to win over Andrew Jackson.
In John Adam’s presidency, the quasi war with France happened. Even though Adams had a Navy ready to fight with George Washington in command and Alexander Hamilton second in command, he still made the effort to establish a peace treaty with France.